How to Build Credit at 17
By Eric Rosenberg, MBA
Reviewed by Lauren Bringle, AFC®
If you are a parent of a minor, or a 17-year-old yourself getting ready to manage your finances on your own, it's a perfect time to think about credit.
It can take years of steady on-time payments
to build a good credit score, so it's never too early to start thinking about how you can get on track for a positive future with credit when you're under 18.
If you are looking to help your teen build credit history or start building your own credit before hitting your 18th birthday
, there are several good available strategies.
Don’t know which credit cards for 17 year olds are best? Following these steps will help you establish credit at 17 in a way that offers benefits for decades to come.
Why start building credit before turning 18?
Credit scores and credit reports are an important part of personal finance.
There are 2 major reasons to start building credit as soon as possible though:
- A good credit score can be the difference between getting approved for a new credit card or loan by a lender and getting rejected. If approved, good credit can help you qualify for the best interest rates, which can save you tens of thousands of dollars on a future mortgage, for example.
- Building credit takes time. While you can ruin a credit score in an instant, it takes months to get a credit score and years to build a very good one. That’s why it’s a good idea to start building credit early.
Can you get your own credit card or loan at 17?
If you are wondering, “What age can you get a credit card?”, you are not alone. Most banks and credit card companies will not issue a new credit card or loan to a minor. So, how old do you have to be to get a credit card under your name? In the United States, minors are generally not allowed to enter into legal agreements, which means young adults under 18 can't open their own borrowing accounts.
Some credit card issuers may be willing to issue a new account to a minor who cosigns with a parent or other legal guardian. But otherwise, unless you are legally emancipated, you probably can't open a credit card at age 17 with a credit card issuer.
According to Experian
, some of the top credit card issuers don’t have a technical minimum age requirement or allow you to open a card as young as 13, 15, or 16, in some cases. But those approvals may also look at your credit and income, which could make it hard to get approved before turning 18.
How to start building credit at 17
To start building credit at 17, you would need to be listed on a credit-related account like a credit card or loan. Contrary to popular misconceptions, you can’t build credit with a regular bank account like a checking account, savings account, debit card, or just getting a job. It takes credit to build credit.
One of the best ways for a teen to build credit is as an authorized user
of a card owned by their parents–more on that in the next section.
The other option would be to help the teen open their own credit card or loan, which may be very challenging, or cosign with them on a personal loan, student loan, or another type of loan if they qualify.
Authorized users can take advantage of good credit from their parents
There’s a secret weapon when it comes to helping your family build credit that you can tap into if you have good credit of your own. There’s a feature of most credit cards that allows you to add what’s called an authorized user to your credit card account.
Unlike some loans, most credit cards are not issued to two people. They put one name at the top of the application, and that person is primarily responsible for paying off the card's balance or any credit card debt that may build up.
However, that person can add family members or anyone else they trust as an additional user. That authorized user gets their own card with their name on it, but it's tied to the same credit card account from the bank or credit union.
When you’re an authorized user, that credit card account shows up on your credit report. A note says you are an authorized user, which tells lenders you are not legally required to pay for the loan’s balance. But otherwise, it looks like a regular credit card account and influences your credit score.
If the primary account holder keeps the balance low relative to their credit limit and always pays any credit card debt on time, authorized users should see the credit card help their credit rating. But if there are late or missed payments
, that account can hurt their credit.
That's why it's so important to use this feature with care and to not go over the spending limit. Check with your credit card issuer to see if they allow authorized users. Also, make sure they report authorized users to the major credit bureaus.
Checking your credit score and credit report at 17
Even if you’re still too young to buy a cigar or lottery ticket, you are never too young to check your credit. While many minors will find they don’t have a credit report or credit score established, those who do can check their credit just like an adult.
The government-mandated website to get your credit report for free
You can also look to free tools from Credit Sesame, Experian, or other trusted services that offer more insights into your credit, including your credit score.
Preparing for a positive future with credit
It’s easy for adults to blame their bad credit for financial problems they are experiencing, but it’s likely that their bad credit is a result of other financial challenges.
Getting a positive start with credit can help teens establish a valuable asset that opens up a world of useful financial products and the savings of lower interest rates reserved for those with the best credit.
If you are thinking ahead for how you can help your teen (or yourself, high five if you are reading this before you turn 18!), you’re making a very smart decision. With an early focus on building good credit, your teen could save tens of thousands of dollars while staying in a position where they can financially thrive.
As a parent, what more can you ask for?
About the author
Eric Rosenberg is a former bank manager and corporate finance worker with a Bachelor’s degree and MBA in finance. See Eric on Linkedin
About the reviewer
Lauren Bringle is an Accredited Financial Counselor®
with Self Financial – a financial technology company with a mission to help people build credit and savings. See Lauren on Linkedin
Our goal at Self is to provide readers with current and unbiased information on credit, financial health, and related topics. This content is based on research and other related articles from trusted sources. All content at Self is written by experienced contributors in the finance industry and reviewed by an accredited person(s).